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Bimetal Thermostats


Bimetal Disc Thermostats

They do not teach bimetal thermostats in electrical engineering. However, they are found in most appliances as the device that regulates temperature or as a safety device. They are in heaters, toasters, cooktops, ovens, dryers clothes irons, refrigerators, freezers, compressors and motors. Thus, to be an expert witness on appliance fires, you need know how they operate, how to test them, and how they fail.

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Examples of Bimetal Themostats
Explination of Bimetal Strips
How Bimetal Strips Work.
 
Wall Heater Thermostat
Heater Thermostat - The Bimetal Strip Activates the Micro Switch.
The Temperature Adjustment Cam moves the Bimetal Strip.
Clothing Iron Theromostat
Bimetal Thermostat from a Clothing Iron.
The Temperature Adjustment Cam moves the Contacts.
Clothing Iron Theromostat
Black & Decker Toaster Oven Thermostat. It Primarily senses
the Heat of the Nichrome Wire Heater Not the Oven.
Cooktop Switch
Diagram of a Cooktop Heat Control Switch.
The Switch contains Two Bimetal Strips.
Infinte Switch
Cooktop Heat Control Switch.
The Ambient Bimetal Strip Compensates for the Room Temperature.
Round Honeywell Thermostat
Classic Round Honeywell Thermostat.
The Longer the Bimetal Element the More Deflection and Accuracy
Nordyne Thermostat
Nordyne/White-Rogers Thermostat for Mobile Home.
 
Compressor High Limit
AC Compressor Hermetically Sealed Thermal Overload Protector.
Manufactured by Texas Instruments - Data Sheet .
Dryer Motor Protector
Clother Dryer Motor Thermal Overload Protector.
Manufactured by Texas Instruments - Data Sheet .
Dryer Thermal Protector
Clother Dryer Thermostats (F06-009).
 

 

Klixon 7AM Safety Thermostat

Kilxon 7AM Series Safety Thermostats are often used to protect motors from overheating. They are a non-latching devices that automatically resets when the temperature falls below a preset value. The device that failed below was in a HVAC ventilator that had been recalled due to fires. The motor operating the vent locked-up and overheated. When the temperature of the motor reached the threshold value of the safety thermostat, its contacts opened, which interrupted power to the motor. When the motor cooled, the safety thermostat's contacts closed, and power was restored to the motor. The motor still being locked overheated. The process repeated until the safety thermostat failed to open. This was an insurance claim, and because the ventilator had been recalled, the manufacturer of the ventilator agreed to pay for subrogation damages without having to go to court.

Safety Motor Thermostat
Front of Klixon Series 7AM Thermal Protector
Klixon Series 7AM Thermal Protector.
 
Back of Klixon Series 7AM Thermal Protector
Back of Klixon Series 7AM Thermal Protector.
 
Interior of Klixon Series 7AM Thermal Protector
Interior of Klixon Series 7AM Thermal Protector.
 
Damaged Klixon Series 7AM Thermal Protector
Damaged Klixon Series 7AM Thermal Protector
due to Locked Motor (Rotor) and Excessive Cycling (> 100,000).

Dryer Thermostats

Bimetal disc will flip (snap) from concave to convex depending on the temperature. Dryer thermostats can be tested by placing them in an oven or with a heat gun if you only interested in a go/no-go test. You can hear the snap sound that occurs when the disc changes states (concave or convex), but to insure that the contacts open, an ohm meter should be used. Furthermore, a stuck thermostat does not always mean that the contacts are welded together. Hence, you cannot always prove that the thermostat was stuck by disassembling it. For these reasons, this work is best left to a forensics engineer. Looking at the wear on the a dryer's high limit thermostat can tell you the history of restrictive air flow (which may be caused by lint or a collapsed exhaust duct).

Animated Disc Thermostat

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Thermostat with Contact Lid removed
Thermostat with Contact Lid removed.
Side View of Thermostat depicting Contacts and Plunger
Side View of Thermostat depicting Contacts and Plunger.
Thermostat Contactor Pads and Plunger
Thermostat Contactor Pads and Plunger.
My Hight Limit Thermostat was Stuck
The Worn Pads on my Dryer's High Limit Thermostat were stuck.
Thermostat Housing, Bimetal Disc and Plunger.
Thermostat Housing, Bimetal Disc and Plunger.
Thermostat Concave Bimetal Disc and Plung
Thermostat Concave Bimetal Disc and Plunger.
Thermostat Convex Bimetal Disc and Plunger
Thermostat Convex Bimetal Disc and Plunger.